Contact Salat
  

What is the standard way to pray and worship Almighty Creator? How many times we should sit for that? Is the Islamic worship and praying style newly created by Prophet Muhammad? What is the importance of worship and prayer? To learn about these, read this article… Salat (صلاة – Salawat) is an act through which people devote their thanks, glorification, repentance and prayer to Allah. It is one of the best, important and compulsory parts of a follower of Almighty Creator.    


Importance of Salat

In this world, we have our closest people around us. We contact with them regularly and share our thoughts and feelings. When we fall in trouble we ask them for help, and when we get help from them we thank them and try to do whatever we can do for them; or if we can’t do anything for them or do anything wrong against them, then we feel and express sorrow to them. We love and respect them, what we express through our activities to them. All these express that, we have a relation with our closest persons. So, if we do all these with our worldly closest persons, then surly we should do much more with our Almighty Creator; and, Salat is a great way that helps us to do this. Through Salat, we can share our thoughts and feelings with Allah; we can ask help to Him and can give Him thank for what He has given us; we can feel our sorrow for our sins, and can ask forgiveness to Him; we can express our love and respect to Him. Thus we can make a good relationship with our Almighty Creator through Salat. A day consists of five parts: morning, noon, afternoon, evening, and night. People remain so much busy throughout entire day with their worldly affairs. They don’t forget to sit for having meal, can’t forget to contact their closest persons, and never forget to do their entertainment, educational, financial and other scheduled and nonscheduled activities; but they easily forget to keep contact with their Almighty Creator Allah. Salat is the best way that keeps contact and relationship between Allah and mankind.  


Types of Salat

There are three types of Salat in total: 1) Irregular Salat: While a person sits for Salat at any time of a day according to his will, and maintains neither fixed numbers for performing it, nor fixed time or rule for it, then such Salat is called Irregular Salat. This type of Salat has no fixed structured form. 2) Occasional Salat: While a person sits for Salat in any special religious occasion, then that Salat is called Occasional Salat. 3) Contact Salat:While a person sits for Salat at some specific times of a day or week for some specific number of times, then such Salat is called Contact Salat. This type of Salat has some fixed structured form. Though all these Salat are approximately similar, but Contact Salat and Occasional Salat are much more important than Irregular Salat, and again among these two, Contact Salat is most important and obligatory. In this writing, we will learn details and importance of Contact Salat from the Revelation of Almighty Creator Allah.  


Contact Salat

To know about Contact Salat we have to go through the old and present histories and teachings, and have to think these deeply. Contact Salat has some special and standard format which is consist of these parts below:

  1. Five Salat Times.
  2. Preparation of Body and Mind before Salat.
  3. Recitation of the Word of Allah.
  4. Postures at Salat.
  5. Devoting personal Thanks, Repentance and Prayers.

  Now we will go through these parts one by one.  


– Five Salat Times –

There are Five Salat times found from the Revelation of Allah, they are: FajrZuhrAsrMaghrib and Isha. Now, we will learn details about them one by one.


Before Final Revelation:

Non-Muslim people now a days claim that: “There was no Contact Salat at past. Neither Allah said, nor any Prophet did such at past. So we don’t need to perform Contact Salat”. But it is absolutely false. If we look at the story of Prophet Daẅíd and Daniyél from the fragments of the Old Revelations, we will find that:

Evening, morning and noonI (Daẅíd) cry out in distress, and He hears my voice.”

(Bible, Psalms 55:17)

 

Three times a day he (Daniyêl) … prayed, giving thanks to his GOD, just as he had done before.”

(Bible, Daniel 6:10)

That means, Prophets as well as the believers of Old Revelations used to join Three Times’ Contact Salat before the era of Final Revelation. Beside this, they used to join Two Times’ Minor Salat too, which is also found since the ancient era till present days among them.  Moreover, the believers of Old Revelations would join Five Times’ Contact Salat at their festive days (like Yom Kippur). These above facts clarify us that, Five Times’ Contact Salat was also present before the Final Revelation. Now, we will check the Five Times of Contact Salat from some fragments of the Old Revelations: Fajr (Before sunrise):  

Early the next morning Îbrahîm got up and returned to the place where he had stood before the LORD.”

(Bible, Genesis 19:27)

 

“O LORD; in the morning my (Daẅíd) prayer comes before You.”

(Bible, Psalm 88:13)

 

“… in the morning, having risen a long while before daylightHe (Isa) went out and departed to a solitary place; and there He prayed

(Bible, Mark 1:35)

Zuhr (After sun’s highest point):  

Peter went up on the housetop to prayabout the sixth hour.”

(Bible, Acts 10:9)

Asr (After noon until sunset):  

“One day Peter and John were going up to the temple at the time of prayer—at ninth hour in the afternoon.”

(Bible, Acts 3:1)

Maghrib (After sunset until darkness):

“And Ishaķ went out to meditate (in Prayer) in the field in the evening; and he lifted his eyes and looked, and there, the camels were coming.”

(Bible, Genesis 24:63)

Isha (Dark night):

“… at night His song is with me— a prayer to the GOD of my life.”

(Bible, Psalm 42:8)

[Note: Point to be noted that, Jewish Sixth Hour means – the time after sun’s height point; and Ninth Hour means – a time after noon until sunset]

So, there is no doubt to say that, these above five times were for Salat, and the Men of Allah used to join Five Times’ Contact Salat before the Final Revelation too.


After Final Revelation:

Although there was Contact Salat at past but the misguided people never followed it perfectly. For this reason, Allah sent His Final Revelation to establish the Contact Salat among mankind.

In Quran the five Contact Salats are mentioned some by name and others by time. Let us check them from Quran:

“… glorify Allah when you come up to the evening (Maghrib and Isha), and when you enter the morning (Fajr) … His are all the praises and thanks in the heavens and the earth; and in the afternoon (Asr) and when you come up to the time, when the day begins to decline (Zuhr).”

(Quran, Ar Rum 30:17-18)

And again specifically the five Salat times are:

Fajr (Before sunrise):

“… Fajr Salat …“

(Quran, An Nur 24:58)

Zuhr (After sun’s highest point):

“Perform As-Salat from Mid-Day …”

(Quran, Al Isra 17:78)

Asr (After noon until sunset):

“Guard strictly As-Salawat (Prayers) especially the middle Salat …”

(Quran, Al Baqarah 2:238)

Maghrib (After sunset until darkness):

”… Perform As-Salat, at the two ends (Before Sunrise and After Sunset) of the day …”

(Quran, Hud 11:114)

Isha (Dark night):

“… Isha (Late Night) Salat …”

(Quran, An Nur 24:58)

And about performing Contact Salat it is written that:

“… As-Salat is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours.”

(Quran, An Nisa 4:103)

Finally, we can say that, five times Contact Salat existed always, and the Men of Allah who truly submitted themselves to Allah surely joined those five times.

Importance:

There are so many causes for which Allah teaches us to join Contact Salat. Let us have a look on them:

  • Contact Salat turns the practice of Salat into our instinct, and makes us regular in Salat.
  • Salat is a way to keep communication with Allah. So, Contact Salat is surely a way of regular communication with Allah that makes the relationship strong between Allah and mankind.
  • Contact Salat reminds us about Allah and His Words (of Commandments and Commitments), as Allah says:

“… worship Me, and perform Salat for My Remembrance.”

(Quran, TaHa 20:14)

  • Salat is a great kind of meditation that we do through reciting the special Commandments and Commitments of Allah at Salat. This recitation at Salat makes us steadfast, concentrated and confident about our belief and about all the good deeds. It is clearly explained in Quran that:

“… perform Salat. Verily, Salat prevents from every kind of great sins, and evil deeds (of disbelieve, wrong believe etc)…”

(Quran, Al Ankaboot 29:45)

So, if we make Contact Salat regular, then our meditation through the recitation of the special verses of Allah will also be regular, and it will help us to prevent all kind of (physical and mental) sins.

  • When people fall in trouble, they try to solve the problems with their worldly knowledge and power. If even they fail to solve the problems, they rarely come to Allah to seek help, because they forget that, there is someone who can help them in their trouble. Through the practice of Contact Salat people become used to seeking help from Allah. And, Quran teaches us that:

“… Seek help in patience and Salat

(Quran, Al Baqarah 2:153)

  • We do many wrong deeds in our daily life, where some of those are done unconsciously. So, we surely should ask forgiveness for our daily unconscious sins from Allah regularly. And undoubtedly Contact Salat creates the scope of asking regular forgiveness to Allah. It is written that:

“… ask forgiveness for your fault and glorify the praises of your Lord…”

(Quran, Ghafir 40:55)

  • Contact Salat gives us chance to devote our thanks and glorification to Allah regularly.

Thus, there is more other importance of Contact Salat. And, we can undoubtedly say that, Contact Salat is so much important for us.


– 
Preparation of Body and Mind before Salat –

Purifying body and mind before Salat is very necessary for us. In this portion, we will learn the history and importance of it one by one.


Before Final Revelation:

To know about the preparation of body and mind before Salat, let us check some verses and try to understand them:

When Allah willed to show His presence to the people of Israêl, He told them to come before the holy Mountain Sinai (Tur Sinin). But He strictly commanded them to prepare their body and mind holy before coming in the presence of Him. It is written that:

“… Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their (unclean) clothes.”

(Bible, Exodus 19:10)

“… Abstain from sexual relations.”

(Bible, Exodus 19:15)

In another verse, it is clearly commanded that, before coming in the presence of Allah, people should come being clean and clear:

“Aaron and his sons are to wash their hands and feet with water from it (Basin). Whenever they enter the tent of meetingthey shall wash (their hands and feet) with water …”

(Bible, Exodus 30:19-20)

Again, Allah commanded His believers to wash their hand and feet before presenting any offering to Allah. It is written that:

“… when they approach the altar to minister by presenting an offering made to the LORD by fire, they shall wash their hands and feet …”

(Bible, Exodus 30:20-21)

As Salat is a kind of offering to Allah, undoubtedly we should wash our hand and feet before joining Salat. Prophet Daẅíd also performed this washing before presenting his offering to Allah. It is written that:

I wash my hands in innocence, and go about your altar, LORD …”

(Bible, Psalms 26:6)

In addition to these, we also find that, while Prophet Mûsâ was talking to Allah, he was commanded to put off the sandals from his feet, because the place became holy for the presence of Allah. As it is written that:

“… GOD said. ‘Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground‘.”

(Bible, Exodus 3:5)

Finally we can say that, Salat is an act of communication with Allah that brings us in the presence of Allah. So, before Salat surely we should:

  • Make our body and mind holy,
  • Wear clean clothes,
  • Stay away from sexual relations,
  • Clean our hands and feet with water, and
  • Put off the sandals from our feet.

  
After Final Revelation:

Allah taught mankind to purify their body and mind before Salat, saying:

“… He wants to purify you …”

(Quran, Al Ma’idah 5:6)

But the disbelievers disobeyed Him. For this reason, Allah reestablished the teaching in the best form through His Final Revelation.

According to Quran, about purifying mind before Salat Allah teaches that:

“… stand before Allah (at Salat) with obedience (in mind) …”

(Quran, Al Baqarah 2:238)

Approach not Salat when you are in a drunken state (of mind) until you know (the meaning) of what you utter (to Allah) …”

(Quran, An Nisa 4:43)

“Verily, the hypocrites seek to deceive Allah … And when they stand up for As-Salat, they stand with laziness and to be seen of men …”

(Quran, An Nisa 4:142)

Purifying mind is the main fact for Salat. But beside this, purifying body is also necessary. About purifying body before Salat Allah teaches that:

“… When you intend to offer the Prayerwash your faces, and your hands (forearms) up to the elbows, rub (by passing wet hands over) your heads, and (wash) your feet up to anklesIf you are in a state of ceremonial impurity (like after a sexual discharge), purify yourselves (better washing your whole body).

(Quran, Al Ma’idah 5:6)

But, it doesn’t mean that, if any person can’t get the legal scope to purify his body then he can’t join Salat; surely he can join Salat, as it is written that:

“… if you are ill or on a journey, or any of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with (your) women, and you find no waterthen betake yourselves to clean earth (materials) and rub therewith your faces and handsAllah does not want to place you in difficulty …”

(Quran, Al Ma’idah 5:6)

In this way Allah reestablished the teaching of purification before Salat through His Final Revelation.


Importance:

Purification before performing Salat is a commandment of Allah. And each commandment of Allah is surely important. We will now discuss about the most importance of purification before Salat one by one:

  • Salat is an act, through which we come closer to Allah. So it is surely necessary to be pure before coming near the Most Pure (Allah).
  • While we perform Salat, Allah surely hears us. That means, surely Allah’s presence is then closer than any other time. So, it is obligatory to make ourselves holy before going closer to the Most Holy.
  • Salat is a kind of devotion of our offering to Allah. As Allah is Most Holy, we must not give our offering in any unholy state of our mind or body. So, it is must to be holy, both physically and mentally, before performing Salat.

Some people think that: “There is no necessity of purifying body, just purifying mind is enough”. But it is wrong, because:

  • As while we go to meet a worldly honorable person or at any function, we make us clean and wear clean dresses; similarly while we go in front of Allah at Salat, the spiritual act, we surely should make us clean and clear not only in mind, but also in body.
  • Practices of body are easier than the practices of mind. So, before practicing the internal acts we should practice the external acts, then our internal acts will become easier to us. And, washing body parts is such an external act that makes us conscious about our internal act, like purifying our mind before Salat. Surely the practice of purifying body reminds the believers about purifying mind, who unconsciously forgets about it.
  • If we purify our mind before Salat, it will be good for us. But if we purify our body, it will be a good example in front of the disbelievers to make them known that how much holiness and respect we should devote to Allah.
  • Body and Mind has an internal relationship. Washing body parts makes us fresh and clean, so that our dizziness and drowsiness goes away. Surely it helps us to concentrate in our Salat. This is one of the importance of purifying body.
  • Surely, washing body parts before Salat is such an act that makes difference between disbelievers and the believers.

 

– Recitation of the Word of Allah –

Recitation of the Word of Allah is a very important part of Salat. In this part, we will learn about it.


Before Final Revelation:

Believers used to remember the Word of Allah even before the Final Revelation, as we get in one fragment of the Old Revelations that:

I call with all my heart … My eyes stay open through the watches of the night, that I may meditate on your promises …”

(Bible, Psalms 119:145-148)

If we look at present tradition, still the Children of Israêl (Jewish) recite Psalms 27, 36:8-11, 67, 84, 93, 100, 121, 104:1-2, 144:15, 145-150, Hosea 2:21-22, Numbers 28, Malachi 3:4 and some other verses at their Prayer. But the followers of Prophet Isa (Kitabi) recite only Matthew 6:9-13, although optionally. And later, day by day, this Recitation of the Word of Allah has been mostly abolished from the practice of people.


After the Final Revelation:

Maximum people now say that: “In prayer we can say whatever comes in our mind on that moment from our thought; we don’t need to recite Word of Allah at Prayer”. But, the Final Revelation reestablished the practice of the recitation of the Word of Allah at Salat among mankind. It is written in Quran that:

Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book (Quran), and perform Salat. Verily, Salat prevents from every kind of great sins, and evil deeds (of disbelieve, wrong believe etc)…”

(Quran, Al Ankaboot 29:45)

The Muslim believers compulsorily recite some special verses from the Final Revelation of Allah, which is a small chapter of Quran, Al Fatihah 1:1-7. And, about the speciality of these verses Quran says that:

“… WE have bestowed upon you seven of the Oft-repeated (Verses) …”

(Quran, Al Hijr 15:87)

Thus, Quran teaches about reciting the Word of Allah at Salat, and also about the special Word.

Traditionally, the believers also recite some special verses from Quran, like: An Nas 114:1-6Al Imran 3:16 AlIkhlas 112:1-4 and some other verses at Salat.

A special point is to be noted that, a person can recite any special verse of Quran at his Salat.


Importance:

To know about the importance of the recitation of the Word of Allah at Salat, let us check some special verses from Quran, and try to understand the importance of reciting those verses:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the creation. The Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. The Only Owner of the Day of Recompense. You (alone) we worship, and You (alone) we ask for help. Guide us to the Straight Way. The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.”

(Quran, Al Fatihah 1:1-7)

I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind, The King of mankind, The Ilah of mankind, From the evil of the whisperer (devil), who withdraws (after whispering). Who whispers in the hearts of mankind, Of jinn and men.”

(Quran, An Nas 114:1-6)

“Our Lord! We have indeed believed, so forgive us our sins and save us from the punishment of the Fire.”

(Quran, Al Imran 3:16)

When a believer recites the above verses from his mind at Salat, then:

  • He is glorifying Allah and announcing His honor.
  • He is asking help to Allah and also keeping faith on Him.
  • He is asking forgiveness to Allah.

So, we learn that:

  • The recitation of these verses teaches a person the standard way of devoting their thanks, glorification, repentance and prayer to Allah.
  • Recitation of the Word of Allah is a kind of announcement of the glory of Allah, which is errorless; because when we use our own words at Salat, sometimes unconsciously we may say wrong, but the Word of Allah is best that glorifies Him best.

About the importance of the recitation of the Word of Allah it is explained in Quran nicely that:

“Recite what has been revealed to you of the Book (Quran), and perform Salat. Verily, Salat prevents from every kind of great sinsand evil deeds (of disbelieve, wrong believe etc) and (through Salat) the remembering of Allah is greater indeed …”

(Quran, Al Ankaboot 29:45)

So, again we learn that:

  • Recitation of the Word of Allah is a great kind of meditation that programs the Commandments & Commitments of Allah in our mind, and enhances our eagerness for good, and thus keeps us away from all type of evil deeds and wrong thoughts.
  • When we recite the Word of Allah, these makes us remember about Allah and His great Commandments & Commitments, which is very much important for each believer.

 

– Postures at Salat –

At Salat the believers hold some postures, like:

  • Standing
  • Bow Down While Standing (Ruku)
  • Prostrating (Sajdah)

 
Before Final Revelation:
 

If we look at the probable fragments of the Old Revelations we will find that:

All my bones will exclaim (at Prayer), ‘Who is like you, LORD? …’ …”

(Bible, Mark 11:25)

This means, our postures will also declare the glory of Allah.

And, about the postures the probable fragments of Almighty Creator say that:

Standing:

“And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone …”

(Bible, Mark 11:25)

Bow Down While Standing (Ruku):

“I bowed down and worshiped the LORD. I praised the LORD, the GOD of my master Abraham …”

(Bible, Genesis 24:48)

Prostration (Sajdah):

“… they fell prostrate and cried, ‘The LORD – He is GOD …’ …”

(Bible, 1 Kings 18:39)

“… Going a little farther, he (Prophet Isa) fell with his face to the ground and prayed …”

(Bible, Matthew 26:39)

There is no doubt to say that, these postures of Salat were present before the Final Revelation.


After the Final Revelation:

We get the postures of Salat at Quran thus:

“… those who stand up, and those who bow, and make prostration (at Salat);”

(Quran, Al Hajj 22:26)

“O you who have believed! Bow down, and prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord …”

(Quran, Al Hajj 22:77)

“… stand before Allah with obedience (at Salat) …”

(Quran, Al Baqarah 2:238)

Thus, there are also a lot of verses in Quran which are saying about these postures of Salat.


Importance:

Some people may say that, “There is no importance of postures while we pray and worship Almighty Creator”. But it is wrong, because:

  • While we go in front of any worldly honorable person, we use different postures to honor him. If we use such postures to respect a worldly person, shouldn’t we use postures to honor our Almighty Creator? Surely we should do this, because this will help us to glorify Allah, and will make a good example of believers in front of the disbelievers.
  • Standing at Salat makes us relaxed and helps us to be prepared for Salat.
  • Bowing in front of Allah is nothing rather than submitting ourselves with humility and obedience to Allah. So, there is nothing shameful or wrong to bow in front of the Almighty Creator at Salat, but a best posture to give Him honor.
  • Prostration is a great posture which is used to praise and glorify Allah with humble submission.
  • All these postures are some physical devotion to Allah, which helps us to improve and support our mental devotion.

 
– 
Devoting personal Thanks, Repentance & Prayers –

Devotion of personal thanks, repentances and prayers is a very important part of Salat. It is taught through the Revelations of Allah, and also practiced by the believers since the beginning.


Before Final Revelation:

In some probable fragments of the Old Revelations we get some verses about the devotion of personal thanks, repentances and prayer thus:

Give thanks to the GOD of heaven.”

(Bible, Psalm 136:26)

Help us, GOD our Savior, for the glory of Your Name; deliver us and forgive our sins for Your Name’s sake.

(Bible, Psalm 79:9)

After the Final Revelation:

Finally, Quran teaches mankind to give thanks, to repent, and to ask for needs to Allah thus:

“… be thankful to Allah …”

(Quran, Al Baqarah 2:172)

“And seek the Forgiveness of Allah …”

(Quran, An Nisa 4:106)

“And seek help in patience and Salat …”

(Quran, Al Baqarah 2:45)

 
Importance:

There are a lot of importance of the devotion of personal thanks, repentances and prayers to Allah; and if we do Contact Salat, this practice will help us regularly in different ways, like:

  • We are living and getting the provisions of Allah daily, so we should give Him thanks regularly. Contact Salat makes the chance to do this practice regularly.
  • We do a lot of sins regularly; some are done consciously and some are unconsciously. Through Contact Salat we get the chance to ask forgiveness of our sins regularly to Allah.
  • Contact Salat also helps to remind us that, we can ask for our needs to Allah. Because we can ask help at Contact Salat, and Allah is there to fulfill our needs.

So, let’s check some questions.

  • Is Quran teaching a bad way of Worshipping and Praying to Almighty Creator?
  • Is Quran teaching to be irregular in Worshipping and Praying to Almighty Creator?

It is sure that the answer of these questions is, NO.

 
Remember Some Facts

Quran is teaching the best way and style of Worshiping and Praying to Almighty Creator.

– By Preacher Abdullah N. A.